Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to explore hospital-based nurses’ intention to use peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC): a survey study

Main Article Content

Laura Bertani
Maria Carone
Luca Caricati
Serena Demaria
Silvia Fantuzzi
Alessandro Guarasci
Luca Pirazzoli

Keywords

Theory of planned behavior, PICC, CVC, behavioural intention

Abstract

Background and aim of the work: The peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) have become an alternative to the traditional CVC. PICCs are usually inserted by trained nurses who decided to attend and complete a special training on PICC insertion and management. The present work aimed to investigate the intention of using PICC in a sample of hospital-based nurses using the theory of planned behavior as theoretical framework. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in which a questionnaire was delivered to 199 nurses. Results: According to the theory of planned behavior, the attitude toward the use of PICC, subjective norms and perceived self-efficacy predicted the intention to use PICC. Contrary to the expectations, the effect of subjective norms on intention to use PICC was mediated by attitude and self-efficacy. Finally, age of participants was negatively related to the intention to use the PICC. Conclusions: The theory of planned behavior offers a useful framework to explain nurses’ intention to use PICC. Shared norms favoring the use of PICC seem to increase both nurse’s positive attitudes and self-efficacy whit respect to the use of these devices. Thus, it appears that to train professionals individually does not necessarily results in an increased use of PICC.

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