Correct management and low rate of contagiousness of healthcare workers in a University Hospital in Southern Italy: from contact tracing to serological investigation

Correct management and low rate of contagiousness of healthcare workers in a University Hospital in Southern Italy: from contact tracing to serological investigation

Authors

  • Raffaele Squeri Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Antonio Levita Health management, AOU 'G. Martino', Messina, Italy
  • Rosanna Intelisano Health management, AOU 'G. Martino', Messina, Italy
  • Gaetano Bruno Costa Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Giuseppe Mancuso Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Loredana Grasso Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Smeralda D'Amato Postgraduate Medical School in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of Messina, Italy
  • Francesco Mazzitelli Postgraduate Medical School in Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of Messina, Italy
  • Andrea Squeri Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Angelina Midiri Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Carmelo Biondo Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Domenica Alesci Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Vincen Bonaccorso Department of Human Pathology of the adult and developmental age Gaetano Barresi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
  • Alessandra Bitto Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, c/o AOU Policlinico G. Martino, Via C. Valeria Gazzi, Messina, 98125, Italy
  • Cristina Genovese Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

Keywords:

management, healthcare workers, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, symptoms

Abstract

The COVID-19 epidemic, which began in Wuhan in December 2019, quickly spread all over the world, leading in a few months to a high number of deaths also in healthcare workers. The purpose of the study is to a) describe the importance of a correct management of SARS-CoV-2 infections; b) report the number of positive healthcare workers after the epidemic phase and to describe their socio-characteristics data, the main methods of transmission and the symptoms; c) to report the seroconversion rate of healthcare workers  (HCWs). The study was conducted from March 9, 2020 to June 19, 2020 in three phases:1) in a first phase, we implemented the guidelines to be followed for patient care in our hospital; 2) in a second phase, we provided the epidemiological investigation/contact tracing of HCWs; 3)  we collected swabs on all healthcare workers and we also performed serological investigation. The number of healthcare workers under surveillance is of 2611 subjects and, of these, only 0.65% contracted COVID-19. In particular, 70.6% of these have been infected in the healthcare setting, 11, 8% in the family and 17.6% returning from high risk areas. Ultimately, only 0.1% of HCWs dedicated to the treatment of COVID-19 patients contracted the infection (one was asymptomatic). Only 2% of HCWS were positive for serological investigation.

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Published

20-07-2020

How to Cite

1.
Squeri R, Levita A, Intelisano R, Costa GB, Mancuso G, Grasso L, et al. Correct management and low rate of contagiousness of healthcare workers in a University Hospital in Southern Italy: from contact tracing to serological investigation. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Jul. 20 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];91(9-S):79-86. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/10118