Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis

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Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
Annalisa Allegorico
Gian Luigi Marseglia
Alberto Martelli
Mauro Calvani
Fabio Cardinale
Marzia Duse
Elena Chiappini
Sara Manti
Claudio Cravidi
Maria Angela Tosca
Carlo Caffarelli


allergic rhinoconjunctivitis; allergic rhinitis; ocular allergy; local allergic rhinitis; h1-antihistamines; intranasal corticosteroids; allergen immunotherapy


Allergic rhinitis (AR) is induced by an IgE-mediated immune reaction after allergen exposure. The typical symptoms are itching, nasal discharge, sneezing and nasal obstruction. The diagnosis is based on the concordance between allergic symptoms and diagnostic tests. The skin prick test (SPT) is recommended as the “gold standard” method. First generation H1-antihistamines are widely used for treatment of AR. Intranasal glucocorticosteroids are well tolerated and can be used also in paediatric age. Allergic rhinitis cannot be considered as an isolated pathology. Other atopic diseases (allergic conjunctivitis, atopic eczema, asthma) are commonly associated.


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