Cremation and the 'ethical' handling of ashes

Main Article Content

linda Alfano
Ivano Malcotti
Rosagemma Ciliberti

Keywords

grief, rituals, cremation, incineration, communal cinerary urns, burial practices, corpse, bioethics, memory

Abstract

Several new alternatives to traditional burial have emerged through the years, including the communal cinerary urn option which involves the cremation of the deceased and the burial of their ashes in a shared burial, often located in a dedicated site, such as a memorial garden or a cemetery.


Understanding the motivations and ethical considerations, that guide people's burial choices can offer valuable insights for both practitioners and those who are faced with making decisions regarding their own burial, or that of their loved ones. This study aims to examine funeral rites and the concept of the communal cinerary urn exploring, through interviews conducted with family members of people who have chosen this option, the personal, cultural, economic, and spiritual motivations that led them to opt for this form of burial, while also analysing the ethical concerns and emotions associated with this choice, including feelings of loss, respect, and remembrance.

Abstract 113 | PDF Downloads 44

References

1. Bourke J. Paura: una storia culturale. Roma-Bari: Laterza; 2007
2. Huntington R, Metcalf P. Celebrazioni della morte. Antropologia dei rituali funerari. Bologna: Il Mulino; 1985.
3. Ariès P. Essais sur l’histoire de la mort en occident: du Moyen Age à nos jours. Paris: Editions du Seuil; 1975.
4. Huberman J. The digital double burial: resurrecting Hertz in the digital age. Mortality 2018; 23(4): 334–49.
5. Bodei R. Limite. Bologna: il Mulino; 2016:25–6.
6. Frazer JG. Il ramo d’oro. Studio della magia e della religione. (Traduzione di Lauro De Bosis). Torino: Bollati Boringhieri; 2012.
7. Frazer JG. La paura dei morti nelle religioni primitive. Milano: Longanesi&C; 1978:9.
8. Herz R. Contribution à une étude sur la représentation collective de la mort. Année sociologique 1907; 10.
9. De Martino E. Morte e pianto rituale. Trieste: Einaudi; 2021.
10. Cardoso ÉAO, Silva BCAD, Santos JHD, Lotério LDS, Accoroni AG, Santos MAD. The effect of suppressing funeral rituals during the COVID-19 pandemic on bereaved families. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020; 7(28):e3361.
11. Mitima-Verloop HB, Mooren Trudy T M., Kritikou ME, Boelen PA. Restricted Mourning: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Funeral Services, Grief Rituals, and Prolonged Grief Symptoms Front Psychiatry 2022; 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.878818.
12. Licata M, Larentis O, Tesi C, Fusco R, Ciliberti R. Tourism in the Time of Coronavirus. Fruition of the “Minor Heritage” through the Development of Bioarchaeological Sites. A Proposal. Heritage 2021; 4:759–74.
13. Conklin BA. Reflections on the work of recovery, I and II. (Antonius C. G. M. Editor). A Companion to the Anthropology of Death. Oxford: Blackwell; 2018.
14. Mirto G. La sepoltura delle vittime delle frontiere in Italia. Lares 2019; LXXXV(1). https://lares.cfs.unipi.it/archivio/2019-1/mirto-abstract/
15. Capone C. Uomini in cenere: la cremazione dalla preistoria a oggi. Milano: Feltrinelli; 2004.
16. Conti F, Isastia AM, Tarozzi F. La morte laica. 1. Storia della cremazione in Italia (1880-1920). Torino: Paravia; 1998.
17. Breschi M, Francini M. The long slow inexorable affirmation of the crematory rite in Italy. Popolazione e Storia 2017; 18(1):81–98.
18. Bonarini F. Mutamenti dei comportamenti religiosi in Italia. University of Padua Department of Statistical Science 2013; 4. https://www.research.unipd.it/retrieve/e14fb270-3011-3de1-e053-1705fe0ac030/2013_4_20130226130527.pdf
19. Congregazione per la Dottrina della Fede. Ad resurgendum cum Christo. Circa la sepoltura dei defunti e la conservazione delle ceneri in caso di cremazione. 15 agosto 2016. https://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20160815_ad-resurgendum-cum-christo_it.html.
20. Valentini G. La morale, la fede e la ragione. Dialogo con don Antonio Sciortino sulla nuova Chiesa di papa Francesco di Giovanni Valentini. Reggio Emilia: Imprimatur; 2013.
21. Fuller C J. The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India. Princeton: Princeton University Press; 2004.
22. Harper K. The Value of Death: Cremation Practices in Hinduism and Buddhism. Mortality 2017; 22(2):121–36.
23. Shapiro RMM. Cremation in the Jewish Tradition. Proceedings of the Committee on Jewish Law and Standard 1986: 257–65. https://www.rabbinicalassembly.org/sites/default/files/public/halakhah/teshuvot/19861990/shapiro_cremation.pdf
24. Ferziger A. Ashes to Outcasts: Cremation, Jewish Law, and Identity in Early Twentieth-Century Germany. AJS Review 2012; 36(1):71–102.
25. RaduCC, Rebeleanu C, Ureche D, Scripcaru C. Forensic, ethical and religious issues regarding the cremation process. Rom J Leg Med 2017; 25:432–4.
26. Saad TC. The Moral Inadequacy of Cremation. New Bioeth. 2017; 23(3):249–60.
27. Guglielmino E. Il medico della mala e altri racconti. Genova: De Ferrari; 2003.
28. Irizarry JA. Signs of Life: Grounding the Transcendent in Japanese Memorial Objects. Signs and Society 2014; 2(S1):160–87.
29. Kubany, ES, Manke FP. Cognitive therapy for trauma-related guilt: Conceptual bases and treatment outlines. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice 1995; 2(1):27–61.
30. Parsons W. Crisis management. Career Development International 1996; 1(5): 26–8.
31. Lerner MJ. The Belief in a Just World. A Fundamental Delusion. New York: Plenum Pub Corp; 1980.
32. Todorov T. Memoria del male, tentazione del bene inchiesta su un secolo tragico (Traduzione Roberto Rossi). Milano: Garzanti; 2019.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.