A cluster analysis of epidemiological and clinical factors associated with the accumulation process of the burden of COVID-19 in European countries

A cluster analysis of epidemiological and clinical factors associated with the accumulation process of the burden of COVID-19 in European countries

Authors

  • Sajad Shojaee Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Pegah Eslami Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Arash Dooghaie Moghadam Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi Basic and Molecular Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Sara Ashtari Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Amir Vahedian-Azimi Trauma research center, Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Reza Zali Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Keywords:

European Countries, Clinical Factors, Epidemiological Factors, COVID-19, Cluster Analysis

Abstract

Background and aim of the work

European COVID-19 statistics showed differentiation between mortality and new cases. Some studies suggested several factors including migration, cancer incidence, life expectancy and health system capacity maybe associated with differentiations. Up to now, impact of those factors in different European societies is not discussed and compared. Aim of the present study was to perform the cluster analysis in European countries in attention to clinical and epidemiological factors due to covid-19.

Methods

We collected some appropriate extreme data of COVID-19 to access the situations by ANOVA post-hoc test in 3 scenarios, as well as to estimate regression coefficients in simple linear regression, and a cluster analysis using average linkage. Covid-19 Statistics were considered in all analyses until April 24, 2020.

Results

Among 39 European countries, several countries reported highest rate of confirmed cases included of Italy (current statues=2270.52) and Spain (current status=2616.24). The highest rate of mortality was seen in France (current status=242.16), Italy (current status=305.52). Life expectancy (female) (P=0.01, 95%Cl=1521.27,15264.58), migration (P<0.001, 95%Cl=41.42,96.72) had significant association with confirmed cases and death. Overall cancer death (P<0.001, 95%Cl=0.36,0.68; P<0.001, 95%Cl=0.01,0.07) and lung cancer death (P<0.001, 95%Cl=1.97,3.56; P<0.001, 95%Cl=0.09,0.37) associated with confirmed cases and mortality, too. We were also determined 5 clusters which more than 30 countries were categorized in the first cluster.

Conclusions

Demographic factors, including population, life expectancy and migration, underlying disorders, such as several types of cancers, especially lung cancers lead to various distribution of COVID-19 in terms of prevalence and mortality, across European counties.

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Published

10-11-2020

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATIONS/COMMENTARIES - SPECIAL COVID19

How to Cite

1.
Shojaee S, Eslami P, Dooghaie Moghadam A, Pourhoseingholi MA, Ashtari S, Vahedian-Azimi A, et al. A cluster analysis of epidemiological and clinical factors associated with the accumulation process of the burden of COVID-19 in European countries. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 10 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];92(1):e2021022. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/10090