Survival and outcome of total elbow arthroplasty for distal humeral fracture at long term follow-up.

Survival and outcome of total elbow arthroplasty for distal humeral fracture at long term follow-up.

Authors

  • Paolo Schiavi Orthopaedic Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Francesco Pogliacomi PARMA UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF SURGICAL SCIENCES ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMATOLOGY SECTION
  • Alice Garzia Orthopaedic Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Piergiulio Valenti Orthopaedic Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Francesco Ceccarelii Orthopaedic Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Filippo Calderazzi Orthopaedic Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University Hospital of Parma, Parma, Italy

Keywords:

total elbow arthroplasty, humeral fracture, periprosthetic osteolysis, radiolucency, outcome

Abstract

Background

Total elbow arthroplasty is an accepted procedure for the treatment of acute comminuted distal humeral fractures in elderly. Few long-term outcomes are available. The purpose of this study was to examine long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of prosthesis performed (January 2002-June 2015) for complex intra- fractures of the distal humerus (AO/C) in patients older than 65 years with low functional demands.

Materials and Methods

Further inclusion criteria were: the availability of a clinical and radiological follow-up of minimum 5 years and pattern of closed fracture. Demographic data and characteristics of patients were collected. All patients were clinically and radiographically assessed after 2 and 5 years from surgery.

Results

Twelve patients were included with complete available data. The mean follow-up was 7.6 years. Five patients reported a worsening of the elbow functionality through the follow-ups. Five subjects had complications. There were no cases of revision surgery. The quality of fixation showed a progressive worsening with increase of radiolucency both on humeral and ulnar side. The recorded MEPS showed no correlation with the grade of periprosthetic osteolysis. Polyethylene bushing wear was scored of grade 2 in one subject who had showed type 4 Morrey radiolucency.

Discussion and Conclusions

Total elbow arthroplasty is an effective and reliable procedure for comminuted fractures of the distal humerus in elderly, although the incidence of complications can not be considered as negligible. For the majority of these patients, a well-performed implant will give them a well-functioning elbow for their remaining life.

References

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Published

30-12-2020

How to Cite

1.
Survival and outcome of total elbow arthroplasty for distal humeral fracture at long term follow-up. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Dec. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];91(14-S):e2020031. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/11112

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