Psychiatric and physical rehabilitation intensive approach for suicide attempters by jumping from heights.

Psychiatric and physical rehabilitation intensive approach for suicide attempters by jumping from heights.

Authors

  • Gianluca Rosso Psychiatric Unit, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, Turin, Italy; Department of Neurosciences “Rita Levi Montalcini”, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 15, 10126, Turin, Italy
  • Elena Aragno Department of Neurosciences “Rita Levi Montalcini”, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 15, 10126, Turin, Italy.
  • Valeria Capuzzo Complex Disability Rehabilitation Department, Neurorehabilitation Unit, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, Turin, Italy.
  • Federica Gamna Complex Disability Rehabilitation Department, Neurorehabilitation Unit, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, Turin, Italy.
  • Giuseppe maina Psychiatric Unit, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Regione Gonzole 10, 10043, Orbassano, Turin, Italy; Department of Neurosciences “Rita Levi Montalcini”, University of Turin, Via Cherasco 15, 10126, Turin, Italy.

Keywords:

Suicide attempts; Violent suicide; Suicide by jumping; Psychiatric treatment; Physical rehabilitation.

Abstract

Suicide is an important public health problem and one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Suicide behavior is influenced by interacting biological, psychological, environmental and current situational factors. One of the most important components modulating the risk of suicide as well his prevention is mental health: it is estimated that up to 90% of individuals who attempt suicide meets the criteria for a psychiatric disorder. Multiple other factors, such as physical illness, can be related to suicidal behaviors. Medical disorders may themselves be associated with an increased risk of suicide or be consequence of violent suicide attempts such as jumping from height. Providing optimal treatment for patients with suicidal behaviors, especially if violent, involves multiple treatments that may include psychiatric, psychological and physical therapies. Using a case series approach, we describe an acute psychiatric treatment program combined with intensive rehabilitation therapy in patients hospitalized for violent suicide attempts caused by jumping from height. The patients were treated through a multidisciplinary, simultaneous and integrated care program made up of a team of psychiatrists and physiatrists who work dynamically together with a flexible approach based on the specific clinical characteristics of each patient.

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Published

04-11-2021

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Section

Case Reports: General Surgery and Miscellanea

How to Cite

1.
Rosso G, Aragno E, Capuzzo V, Gamna F, maina G. Psychiatric and physical rehabilitation intensive approach for suicide attempters by jumping from heights. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 4 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];92(S1):e2021433. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/11454