COVID-19: opinions and behavior of Italian general population during the first epidemic phase

COVID-19: opinions and behavior of Italian general population during the first epidemic phase


  • Cristina Genovese
  • Vincenza La Fauci
  • Angela Di Pietro
  • Giuseppe Trimarchi
  • Anna Odone
  • Alessandra Casuccio
  • Claudio Costantino
  • Vincenzo Restivo
  • Mariapia Fantini
  • Davide Gori
  • Antonio Azara
  • Giovanna Deiana
  • Silvana Castaldi
  • Elena Righi
  • Lucia Palandri
  • Giovanni Panciroli
  • Aida Bianco
  • Francesca Licata
  • Sofia Cosentino
  • Antonio Mistretta
  • Marina Marranzano
  • Rosalia Ragusa
  • Giovanni Gabutti
  • Armando Stefanati
  • Rosa Prato
  • Francesca Fortunato
  • Domenico Martinelli
  • Giancarlo Icardi
  • Donatella Panatto
  • Daniela Amicizia
  • Leila Fabiani
  • Annalucia Moretti
  • Damiana Di Risio
  • Roberta Siliquini
  • Gianluca Voglino
  • Fabrizio Bert
  • Chiara Lorini
  • Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
  • Ida Torre
  • Francesca Pennino
  • Maria Pavia
  • Gabriella Di Giuseppe
  • Andrea Paolantonio
  • Paolo Villari
  • Carolina Marzuillo
  • Gabriele Messina
  • Cesare Rivieri
  • Nicola Nante
  • Silvia Majori
  • Stefano Tardivo
  • Francesca Moretti
  • Smeralda D'Amato
  • Francesco Mazzitelli
  • Ioselita Giunta
  • Daniela Lo Giudice Biomorf
  • Giuseppe Pantò
  • Carlo Signorelli
  • Raffaele Squeri Igiene ospedaliera


COVID-19; risk perception; knowledge; attitude; perception; population


Background and aim: On January 9, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that Chinese health authorities had identified a new coronavirus strain never before isolated in humans, the 2019-nCoV later redefined SARS-CoV-2, that still today represent a public health problem. The present survey started on 10 February 2020 with the aim of a) assessing the risk perception in healthcare workers and young students, following the evolution of attitudes, perception and knowledge over time, b) provide useful information to the general population during survey.

Results: A study sample consisting of 4116 Italian individuals of both sexes was enrolled. High levels of risk perception, low perception of self-efficacy and low levels of knowledge scores (24.55 ± 5.76 SD) were obtained indicating the need for continuous population monitoring as well as further communication strategies carried out at institution levels.

Conclusion: The results of the present study could help public health authorities in carrying out informative campaigns for general population and could be an important tool in evaluating public knowledge and misperceptions during the management of the COVID-19. (


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How to Cite

Genovese C, La Fauci V, Di Pietro A, Trimarchi G, Odone A, Casuccio A, et al. COVID-19: opinions and behavior of Italian general population during the first epidemic phase. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];93(3):e2022262. Available from: