Transcultural health: attitudes, perceptions, knowledge of Italian nurses. An observational study

Transcultural health: attitudes, perceptions, knowledge of Italian nurses. An observational study

Authors

  • Elsa Vitale a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:8:"ASL Bari";}
  • Roberto Lupo San Giuseppe da Copertino Hospital, Local Health Authority Lecce, Italy
  • Antonino Calabrò “Nuovo Ospedale degli Infermi" Hospital, ASL (Local Health Authority) Biella (BI) Italy
  • Federica Ilari University of Oriental Piemond, Biella, Italy
  • Alessia Lezzi ANT Italia ONLUS Foundation (National Cancer Association) Lecce, Italy
  • Simone Zacchino Nursing Home “Prof. Petrucciani” Lecce, Italy
  • Sergio Vergori Social welfare residence San Raffale, Campi Salentina, Lecce, Italy
  • Giorgia Chetta Strategic Regional Agency for Health and Social - A.Re.S.S. Puglia, Italy
  • Salvatore Latina Umberto I Hospital, Siracusa, Italy
  • Angelo Benedetto Umberto I Hospital, Siracusa, Italy
  • Pierluigi Lezzi Vito Fazzi Hospital, Local Health Authority Lecce, Italy
  • Luana Conte Laboratory of Biomedical Physics and Environment, Department of Mathematics and Physics "E. De Giorgi", University of Salento, Lecce (LE), Italy 12 Laboratory of Interdisciplinary Research Applied to Medicine (DReAM), University of Salento and ASL (Local Health Authority) Lecce (LE), Italy

Keywords:

Attitude, Emotion, Improvement, Perception, Transcultural Nursing

Abstract

Background and aim of the work. The Italian health profile of foreigners depends from several factors and events, such as: environmental, microbiological, cultural and / or behavioral. Healthcare professionals might to have greater and better basic and post-basic training in approaching foreign users. Listening and empathy, with complementary training can help to reduce distances and better understand the patient's socio-cultural background. The aim of the study is to explore the basic intercultural knowledge of the Italian nurses, the perception of the problems encountered during the interaction with foreign users and any solution strategies. Methods.  From December 2020 to March 2021 a national observational study was conducted by involving 327 nurses. Results. 85.5% among participants were females and most of them aged between 20 and 30 years (20.20%) and were employed in medical wards (22.60%). Among the hindering barriers explored, linguistic ones are highlighted (41.30%), specifically for the description of hospital rules (34.90%) and of social and health regulations (34.90%). Conclusions. From the present findings, it emerges that the cultural competence of nurses could be developed by offering a multicultural education through basic and post-basic courses. (www.actabiomedica.it)

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Published

26-10-2022

Issue

Section

HEALTH PROFESSIONS

How to Cite

1.
Vitale E, Lupo R, Calabrò A, Ilari F, Lezzi A, Zacchino S, et al. Transcultural health: attitudes, perceptions, knowledge of Italian nurses. An observational study. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2022 Oct. 26 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];93(5):e2022306. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/13593