Renal artery thrombosis. A case of acute flank pain in a patient with a new onset of renal failure and atrial fibrillation

Renal artery thrombosis. A case of acute flank pain in a patient with a new onset of renal failure and atrial fibrillation

Authors

  • Erika Poggiali .
  • Maria Giovanna Ferrari Internal Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Camilla Botti Radiology Unit, Department of Radiological Functions, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy
  • Emanuele Michieletti Radiology Unit, Department of Radiological Functions, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy
  • Andrea Vercelli Emergency Department, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy

Keywords:

renal artery thrombosis, atrial fibrillation, renal infarction, flank pain, abdominal pain

Abstract

Renal artery thrombosis is a severe and often misdiagnosed entity, that represents a true medical emergency in which renal infarction can occur. The diagnosis is often a challenge for the emergency physicians since it can mimic other more common diseases, including renal colic. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented to our emergency department for abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting resulting from right renal artery thrombosis and infarction caused by misdiagnosed atrial fibrillation. Starting from our experience, we recommend to always keep renal thromboembolism in the differential diagnosis in a patient with sudden onset of flank/abdominal pain, high levels of lactate dehydrogenase and/or haematuria since early diagnosis and proper treatment are the keys to rapid recovery.

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Published

14-06-2023

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Section

CASE REPORTS

How to Cite

1.
Poggiali E, Ferrari MG, Botti C, Michieletti E, Vercelli A. Renal artery thrombosis. A case of acute flank pain in a patient with a new onset of renal failure and atrial fibrillation. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 14 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];94(3):e2023140. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/14427