The correlation between professional competencies and self-efficacy among nursing students and registered nurses. An observational cross-sectional study

The correlation between professional competencies and self-efficacy among nursing students and registered nurses. An observational cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Emanuela Prendi University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
  • Alessandro Stievano Centre of Excellence for Nursing Scholarship, OPI, Rome, Italy
  • Rosario Caruso Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
  • Blerina Duka University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
  • Florian Spada University of Rome “Tor Vergata”
  • Gennaro Rocco Centre of Excellence for Nursing Scholarship OPI, Rome, Italy
  • Ippolito Notarnicola Centre of Excellence for Nursing Scholarship OPI, Rome, Italy

Keywords:

clinical practice, nursing competencies, nursing professional competence scale, observational study, professional competence, self-efficacy.

Abstract

Background and aim of the work: The assessment and application of professional skills in registered nurses and undergraduate nursing students during clinical practice are essential in nursing education. Self-efficacy positively affects the professional competence of nursing students and registered nurses, but studies have yet to focus on the relationship between professional competence and self-efficacy. This study examined professional competence and its association with self-efficacy among undergraduate nursing students and registered nurses. Research and Methods: A cross-sectional, observational, and correlational study was conducted through a two-questionnaire-based survey. Sampling was conventional. Data was collected through the Italian version of the Nurses’ Professional Competence Scale Short Form (I-NPCS-SF), which investigates professional competencies, and Nursing Professional Self-Efficacy Scale (NPSES), which investigates self-efficacy and a socio-demographic questionnaire. The study was based on a convenience sample of 320 individuals: nursing students (n=116) in Albania and Italian nurses (n=204). Results: Factors associated with professional competence, particularly ethical values, of nursing students (M = 77.57) and registered nurses (M = 83.18) obtained the lowest average score, while other factors were almost the same for the two groups of nurses. Self-efficacy did not play an essential role in the development of professional competence of nursing students and registered nurses, as our investigation found no correlation between these two elements. Conclusions: The results of this study can be applied as a reference for improving nursing education programs by augmenting students' professional competence and, consequently, future nurses. 

Author Biographies

Gennaro Rocco, Centre of Excellence for Nursing Scholarship OPI, Rome, Italy

.

Ippolito Notarnicola, Centre of Excellence for Nursing Scholarship OPI, Rome, Italy

.

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Published

21-06-2024

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Section

HEALTH PROFESSIONS

How to Cite

1.
Prendi E, Stievano A, Caruso R, Duka B, Spada F, Rocco G, et al. The correlation between professional competencies and self-efficacy among nursing students and registered nurses. An observational cross-sectional study. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 21 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];95(3):e2024117. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/15443