Comparison of Strength Training Programs with Different Contraction Types

Main Article Content

Zeki Tas
Sezgin Karabağ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4946-3298

Keywords

Maximal Force, Types of Contraction, Muscular Force

Abstract

Study Objectives: As one of the basic motoric characteristics, strength is the capacity required for the performance and perfection of techniques in several sports branches. Optimum gain can be achieved by following proper training methods according to the characteristic of the strength that is desired to be improved particularly in the youth. In this study, the effects of strength training programs with different contraction types on the muscular force were compared. Methods: Thirty-six sedentary individuals between the ages of 18-26 living in the province of Konya participated in the study. The participants with similar strength averages were divided into 3 groups as Concentric (CG), Eccentric (EG), and Static (SG) based on their one-repetition maximum (1RM) strength values (the weight they lifted for once but could not lift in the second repetition) measured. Strength values of the individuals in each group were measured by performing exercises appropriate to the type of contraction. Results: According to the results of these measurements, a difference was found between the total contraction scores of the groups of CG, EG, and SG (F=20.99; p <.01). Accordingly, the contraction scores of CG and EG were found to be significantly higher than the contraction scores of the SG. Moreover, a positive difference was found between the pre-test and post-test scores of the participants (F=290.23; p<.01) Also, the group-by-time interaction was found to be insignificant (F = 193.82; p>.0.5). Conclusion: As a result, it has been concluded that KG produces more power than EG and EG produces more force than SG.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 178 | PDF Downloads 76

References

1. Dündar U. Antrenman teorisi. Nobel Yayımevi 2003; 3-145.
2. Şahin G. 17-19 Yaş grubu elit erkek çim hokeycilere uygulanan iki farklı kuvvet antrenman programının bazı fiziksel, fizyolojik ve teknik özelliklere etkileri. Gazi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora Tezi.
3. Salles B.F, Simao R, Miranda F, Novaes J.S. Rest interval between sets in strength training. Sports Med. 2009; 39(9): 765-777.
4. Muratlı S, Kalyoncu O, Şahin G. Antrenman ve müsabaka. Ladin Matbaası. 1-3. Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitiüsü, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı, Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi. 2007; 25-26.
5. Parpucu T.İ. Sağlıklı bireylerde el bileği çevre kas kuvvetinin değerlendirilmesinde dijital el dinamometresinin etkinlik ve güvenirliğinin araştırılması. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Anabilim Dalı, Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 2009: 15-16.
6. Yüceloğlu D.Ö. Sağlak ve solak futbolcularda izotonik bacak kuvveti ve reaksiyon zamanının araştırılması. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Beden Eğitimi Ve Spor Anabilim Dalı. Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 2009; 9-10.
7. Adaş T. İzokinetik dinamometre ile yapılan ölçümlerde farklı eklemlere ait yük aralığının tespiti. Çukurova Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Fizyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 2008: 32-36.
8. Aktaş F. Kuvvet antrenmanının 12-14 yaş grubu erkek tenisçilerin motorik özelliklerine etkisi. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Antrenörlük Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı, Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 2010; 16-19.
9. Başpınar Ö. Futbolcularda izokinetik kas kuvvetinin anaerobik güce etkisi. Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Antrenman Ve Hareket Anabilim Dalı, Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 2009; 21-23.
10. Bompa T.O. Antrenman kuramı ve yöntemi. Spor Yayımevi. 2007; 9:330- 346.
11. Earle R, Harms N. Leg (Knee) extension, exercise technique manual for resistance training. Human Kinetics 2009; 50-51.
12. Sharon R.R, Chleboun G.S, Gilders R.M, Hagerman F. C, Herman J.R, Hikida R.S, et al. Comparison of early phase adaptions traditional strength and endurance, and low velocity resistance training programs in collage-aged women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2008. p.119.
13. Higbie E.J, Cureton K.J, Warren III, G.L, & Prior B. M. Effects of concentric and eccentric training on muscle strength, cross-sectional area, and neural activation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1996; 81: 2173-2181.
14. Vikne H, Refsnes P.E, Ekmark, M, Medbø J.I., Gundersen V, & Gundersen K. Muscular performance after concentric and eccentric exercise in trained men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 2006; 38:10, 1770-81.
15. Seger J, Arvidsson B, & Thorstensson A. Specfic effects of eccentric and concentric training on muscle strength and morphology in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 1998; 49-57.
16. Farthing J.P, & Chilibeck P.D. The effects of eccentric and concentric training at different velocities on muscle hypertrophy. European Journal Applied Physiology 2003; 89: 578-586.
17. Carvalho A, Caserotti P, Carvalho C, Abade E, & Sampaio J. Effect of a short time concentric versus eccentric training program on electromyography activity and peak torque of quadriceps. Journal of Human Kinetics 2014; 41: 5-13.
18. Brandon K.D, Newton, R.U, Joseph, L.M, Triplet-Mcbridge N.T, Kozisis P.L, Fry A.C, et al. Effects of increased eccentric loading on bench press 1RM. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2002; 16: 9-13.
19. Hather B.M, Tesch, P.A, Buchanan, P, & Dudley, G.A. Influence of eccentric actions on sceletal muscle adaptations to resistance training. Acta Physiologica, 1991; 177–185.
20. Darryn S.W, Clesi V, & Taylor L. Effects of concentric and eccentric contractions on exercise ınduced muscle injury, inflammation, and serum ıl6. Journal of Exercise Physiology 2003; 6: 8-