The impact of a child being diagnosed with T1DM on their family’s dietary habits

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Avgi Karaiskou
Maria Resta
Meropi Dimitriadou
Konstantina Pappa
Panagiota Triantafyllou
Athanasios Christoforidis

Keywords

Type 1 diabetes mellitus, children, families, dietary habits, questionnaire

Abstract

Despite the well-known effects of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis on a child’s alimentation and their family’s relationship and psychology, its impact on the whole family’s dietary habits has not been adequately investigated. Our study’s sample consisted of fifty families with a child diagnosed with T1DM, who were evaluated via two questionnaires, the widely used FEAH questionnaire and a second one that we developed for the purposes of this study. Mothers and especially those with children diagnosed with T1DM at an early age changed their dietary habits in a higher proportion Our study found no correlation between changing one’s eating pattern and their educational or socio-economic status.. A significant number of families retained their unhealthy nutritional habits after the diagnosis of T1DM and in conjunction with the reported low level of physical activity indicate areas for intervention. 

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