Nutriology, pharmacology and cardiovascular effects of Xanthium sibiricum

Main Article Content

Shi-Min Yuan


Nutritive value, pharmacology, Xanthium


Xanthium sibiricum is an annual herb of Family Asteraceae and Xanthium L. This herb has high
nutritive values due to its large content of proteins, fats, sugars, calcium, and iron. Traditional medicine have
revealed that Xanthium sibiricum is effective for the treatment of infection, inflammation, cancer, and pain, etc.
The food therapy of Xanthium sibiricum has shown curative effects for mastitis and tinea capitis. The chemical
constituents of Xanthium sibiricum with pharmacological activities are mainly sesquiterpene lactones, volatile
oils, phenolic acids, and water-soluble glycosides, that can be isolated fromthe plant, fruit, Siberian cocklebur
borers (an insect larva, like a silkworm, parasitized in the stem of Xanthium Sibiricum Patr. et Widd [X.
strum-atium non L.]), flower, and root. The fruits of Xanthium sibiricum have extensive prospect in clinical
applications as for its hypoglycemic, anti-allergy, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-tumor
effects. The cardiovascular effects of Xanthium sibiricum lie in anti-hyertensive, anti-coagulation, and antioxidant properties. However, Xanthium sibiricum may impair the hepatocytes, nephrocytes and myocytes and the coagulation system. It may even lead to death. To avoid using untreated prescriptions and unprocessed
herbs may ensure the effective and safety use of Xanthium sibiricum.


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