Metabolic syndrome criteria and its association with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases

Main Article Content

Dhananjay Yadav
Nidhi Puranik
Amit Sen
Meerambika Mishra
Minseok Kwak
Jun-O Jin

Keywords

Metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, NCEP-ATPIII criteria, IDF, WHO, Risk factors

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic anomalies such as insulin resistance, obesity, abdominal
fat deposition, hypertension and dyslipidemia, which put an individual at a higher risk of developing
cardiovascular complications. Global variation in ethnicity, culinary habits, availability of nutritious elements,
lifestyle, economic status and disease tolerance/susceptibility of the workforce is reflected in the definition
of the syndrome given by various public health entities. The present review summarizes the recent advances
in the understanding of metabolic syndrome which has been discussed at length by different organizations.
A greater insight into diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome will improve our understanding and more
importantly enable the prevention and management of this complex condition.

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