Radiologic and pathologic characteristics of myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated interstitial lung disease a retrospective analysis

Main Article Content

Misbah Baqir
Eunhee Yi
Thomas Colby
Christian Cox
Jay Ryu
Ulrich Specks


Interstitial lung disease; Microscopic polyangiitis; Myeloperoxidase antibodies; Usual interstitial pneumonia


Background: The association between interstitial lung disease (ILD) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) has been described, but pathologic characteristics are not well characterized. Objectives: We assessed the radiologic and pathologic characteristics of ILD in MPO-ANCA–positive patients and the association between ILD and vasculitis, particularly microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). Methods: We retrospectively searched electronic health records to identify MPO-ANCA–positive patients with ILD who underwent surgical lung biopsy at our institution from January 1997 through August 2017. Demographic, clinical, imaging, and pathologic characteristics were analyzed. Results: We identified 18 MPO-ANCA–positive patients with ILD. The median (range) age was 58 (43-75) years, and the cohort included 10 men (56%), 10 former smokers (56%), and 11 patients (61%) had clinical evidence of systemic vasculitis (MPA) at the time of diagnosis of ILD. On high-resolution computed tomography, the most common radiologic pattern was “inconsistent with usual interstitial pneumonia” (UIP) (n=14 [78%]); the other 4 patients (22%) fulfilled the radiologic criteria for the UIP pattern. Honeycombing was seen in 15 patients (83%). Ten patients (56%) had the UIP pattern on biopsy: 4 of these patients had additional inflammatory changes that were not typical of UIP (as seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis), and the other 6 patients had other inflammatory patterns or findings. The presence or absence of MPA did not correlate with pathologic findings. Conclusions: MPO-ANCA–positive patients with ILD do not show the typical UIP pattern as seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis on surgical lung biopsy.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 495 | PDF Downloads 257