Drug Allergy in children: focus on beta-lactams and NSAIDs

Drug Allergy in children: focus on beta-lactams and NSAIDs

Authors

  • Claudio Cravidi Agenzia Tutela della Salute, ATS (National Healthcare System), Pavia, Italy
  • Silvia Caimmi Pediatric Clinic Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Maria De Filippo Pediatric Clinic Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Alberto Martelli Department of Pediatrics, G.Salvini Hospital, Garbagnate Milanese, Milan, Italy
  • Carlo Caffarelli Clinica Pediatrica, Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Parma, Italy
  • Michele Miraglia Del Giudice Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery. University of Campania"Luigi Vanvitelli" Naples, Italy
  • Mauro Calvani UOC di Pediatria. Azienda Ospedaliera S. Camillo Forlanini, Roma, Italy
  • Maria Angela Tosca Allergy Center, Department of Pediatrics, Istituto G. Gaslini, Genoa, Italy
  • Fabio Cardinale Department of Pediatrics and Emergency, Pediatric Allergy and Pulmunology Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria Consorziale-Policlinico, Ospedale Pediatrico Giovanni XXIII, Bari, Italy.
  • Gian Luigi Marseglia Pediatric Clinic Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico S. Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Sara Manti UOC Broncopneumologia Pediatrica e Fibrosi Cistica, AOUP “Vittorio-Emanuele”, San Marco Hospital, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
  • Elena Chiappini Division of Paediatric Infectious Disease, Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
  • Davide Caimmi Department of Pulmonology, Division of Allergy, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, University Hospital of Montpellier, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France. UMR-S 1136 INSERM-Sorbonne Université, Equipe EPAR - IPLESP, Paris, France

Keywords:

beta-lactams, children, drug allergy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Abstract

Drug hypersensitivity reactions (DHRs) are adverse reactions to a drug. In children, most common drugs inducing such reactions include beta-lactams (BLs) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The aim of the present work was to provide current knowledge on the management of DHRs in the pediatric population, focusing on BLs and NSAIDs hypersensitivity. The clinical feature of DHRs include immediate and non-immediate (delayed and accelerated) reactions, that may be severe or non-severe. A systematic approach to the patient based on the reported clinical history is essential to organize a safe and adapted allergy work-up. Skin tests are the first step to assess a possible DHRs, especially in immediate reactions to BLs. Drugs concentrations for these tests are standardized and validated. The drug provocation test remains the gold standard to reach a firm diagnosis. In selected cases, a therapeutic desensitization protocol may be proposed in children with a confirmed diagnosis of drug hypersensitivity. Clinicians should be aware of the diagnostic and therapeutic options, to provide the best management in children having experienced a history of DHR.

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Published

15-09-2020

How to Cite

1.
Drug Allergy in children: focus on beta-lactams and NSAIDs. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 15 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];91(11-S):e2020008. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/10312

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