Food allergy in primary care: Management of food allergy

Food allergy in primary care

Management of food allergy

Authors

  • Davide Caimmi Allergy Unit, CHU de Montpellier, Montpellier, France; IDESP, UA11 INSERM-Universitè de Montpellier, Montpellier, France
  • Carlo Caffarelli Pediatric Clinic, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Unversity of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Amelia Licari Pediatric Clinic, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; Pediatric Unit, Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic, and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Michele Miraglia Del Giudice Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, University of Campania, "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy
  • Mauro Calvani UOC di Pediatria, Azienda Ospedaliera S.Camillo Forlanini, Rome, Italy
  • Gian Luigi Marseglia Pediatric Clinic, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; Pediatric Unit, Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic, and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Alessia Marseglia Pediatric Clinic, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; Pediatric Unit, Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic, and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Giampaolo Ricci Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC), University of Bologna, Italy
  • Alberto Martelli Pediatrician at the University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Claudio Cravidi Agenzia Tutela della Salute, ATS (National Healthcare System), Pavia, Italy
  • Silvia Caimmi Pediatric Clinic, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; Pediatric Unit, Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic, and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Keywords:

Food allergy, primary care, milk allergy, egg allergy, peanut allergy

Abstract

Prevalence of food allergy has been increasing over the last decades. It may appear as an immediate or a delayed reaction. The disease has a major impact on the quality of life of patients and their families, and it is associated to elevated costs. Primary care physicians are the first healthcare providers who assist children with food allergy, especially in mild to moderate forms. Through the present review, we examine the steps that should be followed in primary care to manage food allergy, and to promptly prescribe an elimination diet and an emergency kit in case of accidental exposure to the allergen. We also focus on the special management of IgE and non-IgE mediated cow’s milk allergy, and on management and prevention of egg and peanuts allergy.

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Published

29-11-2021

How to Cite

1.
Food allergy in primary care: Management of food allergy. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 29 [cited 2024 Apr. 24];92(S7):e2021521. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/12416

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