The use of a large diameter glenosphere in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients undergoing tuberosity removal

The use of a large diameter glenosphere in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients undergoing tuberosity removal


  • Michele Rendina Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy
  • Antonio Abed Mahagna 2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Giacomo Roveda University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Giovanni Pelliccia Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Camilla Torriani University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • Federico Alberto Grassi Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, IRCSS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy


large diameter glenosphere, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, proximal humeral fractures, geriatric surgery, tuberosity resection


Background and aim: Prosthetic replacement with reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is commonly indicated for complex proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) in elderly patients. Aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of RSA performed for comminuted PHFs, without periprosthetic reconstruction of the tuberosities. Our hypothesis was that a large diameter glenosphere could ensure satisfactory RSA mobility and stability, regardless of tuberosity removal.

Methods: We selected 32 patients (4 men, 28 women) with comminuted PHFs who underwent RSA with tuberosity excision and implantation of a 44-mm glenosphere between 2009 and 2015. Active range of motion (ROM), stability, Constant-Murley Score (CMS) (1) and Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV) (2) were assessed one year and four years after surgery.

Results: Clinical and radiological information were collected for 23 patients (72%). At one-year follow-up, active anterior elevation (AE) was 96±28 degrees, external rotation with adducted arm (ER1) 9±7 degrees, external rotation with abducted arm (ER2) 14±10 degrees, internal rotation (IR) to L4; CMS was 56±10 and SSV 65±22.

Clinical assessment at 4-year follow up showed a decrease in active ROM (AE was 88±20 degrees, ER1 8±2 degrees, ER2 12±10 degrees, IR to L4), CMS (52±9) and SSV (62±8).

No RSA dislocation occurred during the study. In 4 patients, grade I glenoid notching without any sign of component loosening was observed 4 years after surgery.

Conclusions: A large diameter glenosphere does not ensure results comparable to those achieved after RSA with tuberosity reconstruction. However, the 44-mm glenosphere was effective in preventing RSA instability


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How to Cite

Rendina M, Mahagna AA, Roveda G, Pelliccia G, Torriani C, Grassi FA. The use of a large diameter glenosphere in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients undergoing tuberosity removal. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 23 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];94(S2):e2023120. Available from: