Prevalence of oral conditions and feasibility of self-reported oral conditions (SROC) questionnaire for screening voluntary blood donors

Prevalence of oral conditions and feasibility of self-reported oral conditions (SROC) questionnaire for screening voluntary blood donors

Authors

  • Deepika Chenna Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  • Karthik Acharya Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  • Angela Piplani Queen Mary University of London
  • Kalyana Pentapati Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  • Shamee Shastry Manipal Academy of Higher Education

Keywords:

Decayed teeth, Periodontitis, Pericoronitis, Blood donors, Screening

Abstract

Background and aim: To evaluate the prevalence of oral conditions and the feasibility of a questionnaire for self-reporting of oral conditions (SROC) for screening blood donors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among voluntary blood donors after fulfilling the blood donation criteria in out-reach blood donation camps. A self-administered questionnaire was designed in English to capture information on demographics (age and sex) and SROC.  A trained and calibrated dentist performed a clinical oral examination (decayed teeth, pulpal involvement, periodontitis (pockets, recession, or mobility), pericoronitis, abscess, or purulent discharge) using a mouth mirror and probe under artificial illumination. The blood collected from donors with active oral conditions and potential for bacteremia were sent for bacterial culture and sensitivity. Results: A total of 351 voluntary blood donors participated with a mean age of 39.12 (10.2). Clinical examination showed that decayed teeth (59%) were the most prevalent oral condition, followed by periodontitis (29.1%) and decay with pulpal involvement (25.9%). The sensitivity and specificity for self-reported decayed teeth was 63.8% and 95.8%, respectively. The SROC addressing pain in gums and teeth showed above 80% specificity against decayed teeth (81.9%), decayed teeth with pulpal involvement (82.3%), and periodontitis (82.7%). The specificity values for SROC addressing gum disease and infections in the mouth against periodontitis were 72.7 and 77.1%, respectively. Conclusions: Decayed teeth, periodontitis, and tooth decay with pulpal involvement were common oral conditions among blood donors. SROC may be adopted to aid in identifying donors and to re-evaluate for blood donation to implement safe practices.

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Published

28-02-2024

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Section

ORIGINAL CLINICAL RESEARCH

How to Cite

1.
Prevalence of oral conditions and feasibility of self-reported oral conditions (SROC) questionnaire for screening voluntary blood donors. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 28 [cited 2024 May 20];95(1):e2024008. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/14530

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