Visual reaction times in strabismic amblyopia: a case-control study

Visual reaction times in strabismic amblyopia: a case-control study


  • G. Nuzzi
  • L. Riggio
  • S. Rossi


Amblyopia, anomalous retinal correspondence, visual reaction times, binocular vision


Background: Visual reaction times (RT) have been used for the evaluation of the response to visual stimuli in amblyopic subjects in a case-control study. Materials and Methods: A Study Group, consisting in nine subjects with amblyopia and anomalous retinal correspondence, and a Control Group of nine normal subjects, were examined. In order to measure RT a test was carried out using a personal computer, for generating the visual stimuli on a special 14” monitor and for recording the response. A program was specifically created to record the dimensions of the stimuli and times of presentation in milliseconds. An electrographic tracing controlled the visual fixation. Visual stimuli of different dimensions were presented to the amblyopic eye, the dominant and non dominant eye, and in binocular vision, and RT were recorded. Results: In all cases RT represented a decreasing function of the stimulus dimension, with no statistical difference between the two groups (p=0,471). In both groups, RT values deriving from the greatest stimuli were rather inferior to those measured with smaller stimuli (p<0,001). In the Study Group the same stimulus produced longer reaction times in the amblyopic eye compared with those of the dominant eye (p<0,001), as well as those recorded during binocular vision (p<0,001). Conclusions: RT to visual stimuli could supply objective information on uncertain or hidden amblyopia. The extension of the experimental protocol to a larger population under school age could provide a clinical application for the early diagnosis of sensory alterations.







How to Cite

Nuzzi G, Riggio L, Rossi S. Visual reaction times in strabismic amblyopia: a case-control study. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2007 Dec. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];78(3):182-9. Available from: