“GIOCAMPUS” - An effective school-based intervention for breakfast promotion and overweight risk reduction

“GIOCAMPUS” - An effective school-based intervention for breakfast promotion and overweight risk reduction

Authors

  • Maurizio Vanelli Postgraduate School of Pediatrics, University Children Hospital “Pietro Barilla”. Giocampus steering committee
  • Giorgia Monti Postgraduate School of Pediatrics, University Children Hospital “Pietro Barilla”. Giocampus steering committee
  • Elio Volta Summer Sport School “Giocampus”
  • Viviana Finestrella Giocampus steering committee
  • Dimitra Gkliati Postgraduate School of Pediatrics, University Children Hospital “Pietro Barilla”
  • Marta Cangelosi Postgraduate School of Pediatrics, University Children Hospital “Pietro Barilla”
  • Roberto Caragnulo Postgraduate School of Pediatrics, University Children Hospital “Pietro Barilla”
  • Marco Vitale Giocampus steering committee. Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology & Forensic Medicine
  • Lisa Ingrosso Department of Food Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
  • Francesca Scazzina Department of Food Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy

Keywords:

Breakfast skipping, obesity, overweight, food, nutrition

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a campaign promoting breakfast in primary school-children from the city of Parma, Italy, where 22 % of peer school-children had reported in 2005 to  skip breakfast. Two groups of children were interviewed by a multiple choice questionnaire on their breakfast habits. Group 1 counted only the children who  underwent the intensive campaign (n. 341), and  Group 2 a number of matched peers who did not attend any breakfast-promoting program (n. 291). Children who did not eat breakfast were found to be more numerous in Group 2 (17.5 %) than in  Group 1 (8.0 %; p=0.0001). In the Group 2 the percentage of  overweight (18.4 %) was higher compared to Group 1 patients (11.7 %; p=0.022). No significant difference in obesity percentage (8.9 vs 5.0 %; p=0.071).  Seventy five percent of children in Group I and the 25% of children in Group 2 (p=0.031) had one or two parents who had reported to skip routinely breakfast. Children with one or both parents used to skip breakfast had a greater odds ratio of 3.04  and  3 respectively of skipping breakfast compared to the children  with parents who had regularly  breakfast (p=0.0002). Compared to the children tested in 2005,  children admitted to   the Giocampus program showed: a significant decrease in breakfasting (22 vs 8 %; p=0.0001), a significant decrease in overweight (18.5 vs 11.7 %; p=0.003) but not in obesity (7.5 vs 5.0 %; p=0.138) status; a significant increase in consumption of cereals (p=0.0001) and fruit (p=0.0001). In conclusion, an intensive breakfast-centred strategy seems to be effective in breakfast promotion and in overweight risk decrease.

Author Biography

Maurizio Vanelli, Postgraduate School of Pediatrics, University Children Hospital “Pietro Barilla”. Giocampus steering committee

Department of Clinical and sperimental Medicine

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Published

23-01-2014

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Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

How to Cite

1.
“GIOCAMPUS” - An effective school-based intervention for breakfast promotion and overweight risk reduction. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2014 Jan. 23 [cited 2024 Apr. 24];84(3):181-8. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/3238

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