Overcrowding and clinical risk in Emergency Departments. A model for the reduction in NEDOCS: preliminary results

Overcrowding and clinical risk in Emergency Departments. A model for the reduction in NEDOCS: preliminary results

Authors

  • Celestino Todisco Department of Accident & Emergency, San Leonardo Hospital, Castellammare di Stabia, Naples, Italy

Keywords:

access block, bed management, crowding

Abstract

Overcrowding in Emergency Departments represents one of the main concerns in effective hospital management today. In order to reduce this phenomenon, this study experimented with a new organizational model that exploited available resources, without incurring additional costs. Through the redistribution of hospital beds, it was possible to reduce access blocks in the Emergency Department of the test hospital. The observational period of this study was of 120 days, and daily surveys of crowding were performed at predetermined intervals. The measurement of overcrowding was calculated utilizing the National Emergency Department Overcrowding Score. The findings reveal a significant reduction in overcrowding due to an increase of only 6 beds in the Emergency Department. Currently, it is known that the principle cause of overcrowding is attributed to a lack of hospital beds for inpatients. Numerous studies have shown that through the lengthening of inpatient hospitalizations it is possible to improve crowding levels in Emergency Department. This findings of this study robustly demonstrate that a small increase in the number of available beds available in emergency department leads to a decrease in all variables of the NEDOCS, and in particular, that of the severely and dangerous overcrowding score.

Author Biography

Celestino Todisco, Department of Accident & Emergency, San Leonardo Hospital, Castellammare di Stabia, Naples, Italy

Department of Emergency – San Leonardo Hospital, Viale Europa, 80053 Castellammare di Stabia, Naples, Italy.

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Published

14-09-2015

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

How to Cite

1.
Overcrowding and clinical risk in Emergency Departments. A model for the reduction in NEDOCS: preliminary results. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2015 Sep. 14 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];86(2):170-5. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/4007