Motivational factors for choosing the degree course in nursing: a focus group study with nursing students

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Paola Ferri
Patrizia Laffi
Sergio Rovesti
Giovanna Artioli
Rosaria Di Lorenzo
Daniela Magnani

Keywords

nursing student, motivation, attrition, education, nursing, baccalaureate

Abstract

Background and aim of the work: Maintaining the number of new students entering nursing programs and remaining in the nursing occupation largely depends on the ability to recruit and retain young people. The motivational factors that induce young people to choose nursing as a career were investigated through a qualitative research approach. Methods: Different focus groups were organised involving 32 students at the end of the first year of Nursing. Then the factors affecting their choice of course and the reasons for satisfaction and frustration connected with the course of study were analyzed. Results: The main motivational factors for choosing Nursing that emerged include the following: having done voluntary work in the care area, attraction to the occupation since childhood/adolescence, failure of other plans, possibility to find work, personal acquaintance of nurses. The reasons for satisfaction with the course include: tutor support, workshop activities, placement experience. The reasons for frustration among the students included the complexity and extent of the study plan, elements that often they had not envisaged or had underestimated upon enrolment. Conclusions: Providing more information on the course of study, the working conditions and characteristics of the nursing occupation, could help young people to make an informed and aware decision, in order to reduce any disappointment and students dropping out of nursing education and attrition in the future. Improving the organisation of the course of study, supporting students’ motivation through counselling activities and choosing suitable placement sites, could prevent drop outs.

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