A review on role of ATM gene in hereditary transfer of colorectal cancer

A review on role of ATM gene in hereditary transfer of colorectal cancer

Authors

  • Sushmitha Sriramulu Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India
  • Murugesan Ramachandran Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India
  • Saraswathi Subramanian Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India
  • Rathiusha Kannan Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India
  • Madhumala Gopinath Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India
  • Jose Sollano Gastroenterology Department, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, the Philippines
  • Laura Bissi ReGenera RandD International for Aging Intervention, Milano-Beijing, Italy-China, VCC Preventive Medical Promotion Foundation, Beijing, China
  • Antara Banerjee Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India
  • Francesco Marotta ReGenera RandD International for Aging Intervention, Milano-Beijing, Italy-China, VCC Preventive Medical Promotion Foundation, Beijing, China
  • Surajit Pathak Department of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Kelambakkam, Chennai-603103, India

Keywords:

Ataxia-Telangiectasia Mutated, Colorectal Cancer, epigenetic change, Lynch syndrome, polymorphism

Abstract

Colorectal cancer found to be the most commonly occurring cancer worldwide which can be prevented by screening and its curable if diagnosed early. Lynch syndrome/HNPCC being an autosomal genetic disease and propensity in forming colorectal cancer is inherited wherein genomic instabilities and epigenetic changes are being the characteristic forms in hereditary cancers. It is very important to determine the polymorphism in several DNA repairing genes such as ATM, RAD51, XRCC2, XRCC3 and XRCC9 to study the risk exploring both the prognosis and the developing of colorectal cancer. The role of ATM gene has been studied which involves in the hereditary transfer of colorectal cancer associated with other related cancers such as stomach, lung and breast cancers. ATM found to be the mutation target and also a modifier gene with more risk of developing the disease by its polymorphism in variant of ATM D1853N. It was identified that ATM gene polymorphism did not drastically change HNPCC age of onset. ATM expression levels were studied and it has been concluded that the complete loss of ATM expression resulted in a propensity of worse survival and no better prognosis with increase in mortality rate. This ATM gene might be considered to be a predicted biomarker in colorectal cancer.

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Published

15-01-2019

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Section

REVIEWS

How to Cite

1.
Sriramulu S, Ramachandran M, Subramanian S, Kannan R, Gopinath M, Sollano J, et al. A review on role of ATM gene in hereditary transfer of colorectal cancer. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2019 Jan. 15 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];89(4):463-9. Available from: https://www.mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/6095