The complexity of loneliness

The complexity of loneliness


  • Javier Yanguas Scientific Director of the Elderly Program. "la Caixa" Banking Foundation. (Spain). President of the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the IAGG-EU
  • Sacramento Pinazo-Henandis University of Valencia. Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (Spain)
  • Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina La Ribera University Hospital, Alzira, Valencia (Spain)


Loneliness, isolation, older people, health, interventions, effectiveness


Loneliness is a prevalent and global problem for adult populations, and a number of different studies have linked it to multiple chronic conditions, including: heart disease, lung disease, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, and metabolic disorders, such as obesity and metabolic disease. Is a major predictor of psychological problems, such as depression, psychological stress, and anxiety. Loneliness is linked to overall morbidity and mortality in adult populations. But limited interventions have demonstrated long-term effectiveness in reducing loneliness in adults with these same chronic conditions. Our research of the extant literature addresses the following question: What evidence exists regarding the relationships between loneliness and health? We focus on recent findings with respect to the links between loneliness and health.







Review - Healthy Aging

How to Cite

Yanguas J, Pinazo-Henandis S, Tarazona-Santabalbina FJ. The complexity of loneliness. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2018 Jun. 7 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];89(2):302-14. Available from: