Main Article Content
Smoking ban, Public health, Prevention, Workplace, Smoking
In Italy, in 2003 the anti-smoking law entered into force, with the aim of reducing tobacco smoking inside public places. The aim of the study was to assess the observance of the smoking ban in Italy, during the period 2010-2014, in several workplaces and to evaluate the perception of the workers, both smokers and nonsmokers, on this issue.
The cross-sectional study interested the employees of 59 companies, from several working sectors (transport, healthcare and building). Data collected from the self-filled questionnaires were submitted to statistical analyses, included descriptive statistics, univariate analysis and multivariate analysis. Of the 7200 questionnaires, 6996 were included in the analysis: 43,7% of the employers thinks that smoking ban is respected within the working places; women are more prone to think that the ban is not observed. Smokers tend to perceive the ban to be observed (Adjusted Odds Ratio, AOR: 1,42; 95% CI: 1,28 - 1,58) while nonsmokers feel more exposed to second hand smoke (AOR: 0,69; 95% CI: 0,61 - 0,78).
The results of this study can be used as a start point for the implementation of new instrument to reduce the tobacco addiction, beginning from the instillation of good habits within the workplaces and enhancing a healthy lifestyle.