Incidence of Sport Injury in Contact and Non-Contact Sports

Main Article Content

Mursit Aksoy https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5936-7606
Turgay Ozgur https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5264-0462
Bahar Odabas Ozgur https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0814-4397
Deniz Demirci https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4672-2378
Gökalp Gürel https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6361-9973
Şahin Özen https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2859-3413

Keywords

Sport Injury, Incidence, Contact Sports, Non-Contact Sports

Abstract

The loads and impacts our bodies are exposed to during sportive activities may result in various sports injuries. In this context, the purpose of the present study was to define the prevalence, area and type of sport injuries of athletes and to determine the difference between the contact and non-contact sports depending on the certain variables like treatment methods and recovery times. The total of 185 athletes voluntarily participated in the present study. Sport branches of athletes were classified into two groups as contact (81) and non-contact (63) sports. The data were collected using sports injury questionnaire (SIQ) and socio-demographic attributes questionnaire via online Google Forms. Injury type percentages were as follows; 27,08% knee region, 14,58% shoulder and 12,49% ankle respectively. 66,67% of the athletes were reported being away from sports for longer than 4 weeks due to injuries. Following their injuries, 47,2% of athletes returned to sports after resting; 23,6% after surgical operations and 29,2% after rehabilitation treatments. No differences were found between contact and non-contact groups regarding treatment methods and recovery times. The data regarding injury histories and training exposure times could not be presented due to lack of information from sports clubs and trainers. We would like to suggest that health and athletic performance attributes of athletes should be evaluated on a regular basis using sport performance tests, an injury database should be created, and injury prevention measures should be taken into consideration.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 273 | PDF Downloads 35

References

1-Erol B, Karahan M. Çocuklarda spor yaralanmaları. Türkiye Klinikleri Pediatric Sciences-Special Topics 2006; 2(4): 89–97.
2- Sakallı, F.M.H. Sporda Sporcuların Yaralanması Ve Risk Faktörleri Fırat Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi 2008, 3, (7): 144-154
3-Binnet M, Armangil M. Spor yaralanmalarında kavramlar. Türkiye Klinikleri 2010; 3(1): 528.
4-Brooks J. H, Fuller C. W. The influence of methodological issues on the results and conclusions from epidemiological studies of sports injuries. Sports Medicine 2006; 36(6): 459–472.
5-Haylen P. T. Spinal injuries in rugby union, 1970–2003: Lessons and responsibilities. Medical Journal of Australia 2004;181(1):48–50.
6-Hawkins R. D, Hulse M. A, Wilkinson C, Hodson A, Gibson, M. The association football medical research programme: An audit of injuries in professional football. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2001; 35(1): 43–47.
7-Quarrie K. L, Alsop J. C, Waller A. E, Bird Y. N, Marshall S. W, Chalmers D. JThe New Zealand rugby injury and performance project. VI. A prospective cohort study of risk factors for injury in rugby union football. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2001; 35(3): 157–166.
8-Van Mechelen W. Commentary-To count or not to count sports injuries? What is the question? British Journal of Sports Medicine 1998;32(4):297–298.
9-Alp M, Suna G, Atay E. Genç Futsalcılarda Görülen Spor Sakatlıkları: Yaralanma Bölgelerinin ve Türlerinin Değerlendirilmesi. SDU Journal of Health Science Institute/SDÜ Saglik Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 2019;10(4)
10-Çetinkaya E, Tanır H, Atay E, Bulut Ç, Engin H. Investigation of musculoskeletal system injuries in athletes doing bodybuilding and fitness sports.Vücut geliştirme ve fitness sporu yapanlarda, kas, iskelet sistemi sakatlıklarının belirlenmesi. Journal of Human Sciences 2017; 14(4):4023–4031.
11-Çelebi M. M, Dündar İ, Zergeroğlu A. M. Elit Taekwondo Sporcularında Yaralanma Epidemiyolojisi: Üç Uluslararası Şampiyonayı İçeren Kesitsel Retrospektif Çalışma. Spor Hekimliği Dergisi 2019;54(4):250–254.
12-Ocak Y, Gölünük Başpınar S, Bebek G.Investigation of health status, treatment methods, and musculoskeletal injuries of the sportsmen according to branches: Sporcuların branşlara göre sağlık durumları tedavi yöntemleri ve kas iskelet sistemi yaralanmalarının incelenmesi. Journal of Human Sciences 2019;16(4):1145–1155. https://doi.org/10.14687/jhs.v16i4.5863
13-Özgür B. O, Özgür T, Aksoy M. Voleybol ve futbolcularda spor sakatlığına rastlama sıklığı. İstanbul Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 2016; 6(3):50–55.
14-Şeker T. 15-17 yaş grubu okul takım sporlarında faaliyet gösteren erkek öğrencilerde görülen spor yaralanmaları ve bu yaralanmaların çeşitli değişkenlere göre incelenmesi (Kütahya örneği) [Thesis, Selçuk Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü] 2016 http://acikerisim.selcuk.edu.tr:8080/xmlui//handle/123456789/10205
15-Çiçek M. E. Futbolcularda Görülen Spor Sakatlıklarının Bireysel Faktörler Açısından Değerlendirilmesi. 2019 http://earsiv.ebyu.edu.tr/xmlui/handle/20.500.12432/338417-Dvorak J, Junge A, Grimm K. FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre (F-MARC). Football M,edicine Manual 2009.
16-Denizci, T Spor yaralanmalarında spor tesislerinin risk oluşturan kaynak, olay ve etki ilişkisinin incelenmesi. 2019 http://earsiv.hitit.edu.tr/xmlui/handle/11491/5705
17-Dvorak, J., Junge, A., & Grimm, K. FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre (F-MARC). Football Medicine Manual. 2009
18-Emery C. A, Tyreman HSport participation, sport injury, risk factors and sport safety practices in Calgary and area junior high schools. Paediatrics & Child Health 2009; 14(7) :439–444.
19-Emery Carolyn A, Meeuwisse W. HSurvey Of Sport Participation, Sport Injury And Sport Safety Practices In Calgary Area High Schools: 109 Board# 16 11: 00 AM–12: 30 PM. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 2005; 37(5): 15.
20-Hootman J. M, Dick R, Agel J. Epidemiology of collegiate injuries for 15 sports: Summary and recommendations for injury prevention initiatives. Journal of Athletic Training 2007; 42(2):311.
21-Marwan Y, Behbehani A, Al-Mousawi A, Mulla-Juma’a A, Sadeq H, Shah NSports injuries among professional male athletes in Kuwait: Prevalence and associated factors. Medical Principles and Practice 2012; 21(2): 171–177.
22- Hägglund M, Waldén M, Ekstrand J. Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football: the UEFA injury study. Br J Sports Med 2011; 45(7):553-8
23- Atay E, Tanir H, Çetinkaya E. Güreşçilerde sakatlık bölgelerinin araştırılması. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 2017; 1(1): 1-4.
24-Kerr Z. Y, Wilkerson G. B, Caswell S. V, et al. The first decade of web-based sports injury surveillance: Descriptive epidemiology of injuries in United States high school football (2005–2006 through 2013–2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association football (2004–2005 through 2013–2014). Journal of Athletic Training 2018; 53(8): 738–751.
25-Kocaman G, Atay E, Alp M, Suna G. Okçularda Spor Yaralanmaları Bölgelerinin ve Türlerinin Değerlendirilmesi. Spor Hekimliği Dergisi 2018; 53(1), 001–008.
26-Açak M, Korkmaz M. F, Bayer R, Karademir T. Türkiye Elit Akademi U-19 ve U-21 Ligi Takimlarinin 2014-2015 Sezonda Görülen Yaralanmalarin Değerlendirilmesi. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 2017; 19(4): 26–39.
27-Bayer R, Mahmut A, Korkmaz M. F. Türkiye Süper Ligi Takımlarının 2014-2015 Sezonda Görülen Yaralanmalarin Değerlendirilmesi. Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 2017; 19(2):29–38.