Determinants of eating habits among older adults

Main Article Content

Yashvee Dunneram
Rajesh Jeewon

Keywords

eating habits, socioeconomic status, older adults

Abstract

Old people suffer from many non-communicable diseases which are mainly consequences of their improper eating habits. Among older adults, eating habits are in turn affected by health status and biological changes shaped by aging which are mediated by a larger pool of factors including familial, social and economic factors. The aim of this article is to review and summarise literature on some key determinants of eating habits of older adults which can viewed from an individual level, societal and family level as well as economic level which may useful when designing intervention programs among older adults. Recent developments and updated scientific evidence pertaining to eating habits are critically analysed to gain insight into main factors that influence eating habits of old people. In particular, individual components such as gender, physical activity level (PAL), nutrition knowledge (NK), health and oral status in addition to other determinants such as income, socio-economic status (SES), household composition, marital status and culture that have been documented to influence eating habits of older adults. For example healthier eating habits and better health status have been reported among married older adults and those with high SES, PAL, and NK.

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