Low compliance with dietary recommendations among Iranian women:  a dietary pattern survey

Main Article Content

Seyedeh Zeinab Hashemi
Aliasghar Vahidinia
Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei
Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini
Jalal Poorolajal
Hossein Erfani
Sara Shahabadi


dietary habits, caloric intake, food insecurity, nutrition policies, health, family


Background: Identification of dietary behaviors of women is one of the most substantial concerns in order to improve family nutritional behaviors. Due to primary influence of a mother in family food choices, this study aimed to investigate the nutrition behaviors according the dietary recommendations of the food guide pyramid among women living in Hamadan, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study on the mothers’ nutritional behaviors was carried out from May to June 2014. In this study 1084 mothers aged 23-49 years of elementary school children were selected to participate in this study using stratified cluster random sampling method. Data were collected using the validated Iranian 168-item semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). The dietary assessment was based on the five major groups of food guide pyramid. Stata version 11 was used for data analysis. Results: Our results revealed that 72.7%, 67.8%, 52.9% and 55.5% of subjects consumed less dairy products, vegetables, fruits and meat/alternatives, respectively, as compared to the food pyramid recommendations. However, bread and grains intake in 40.4% of subjects were more than recommendations. Consumption of pizza and processed meats in about 40% of subjects were monthly and in about 20% were weekly. There was a significant relationship between the household income and education level with the intake of five major groups of food guide pyramid. Conclusion: There were unhealthy dietary habits and low compliance with dietary recommendations among majority of women. Our findings may be considered in policy-making process involving development of health promotion interventions that are appropriately tailored according to different incomes and educational levels to improve family healthy eating habits.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 203 | PDF Downloads 83

Most read articles by the same author(s)