Nutritional knowledge among coaches and personal trainers in Kuwait: a cross sectional study

Main Article Content

Fawaz D Almansour
Ahmad R Allafi
Ahmed Aldughpassi
Ahmad R Al-Haifi

Keywords

Nutritional Knowledge, Coaches, Personal Trainers, Kuwait

Abstract

Personal Trainers (PT’s) or Coaches are becoming the new trend in Kuwait and taking the role of
dietitians and nutritionists in terms of providing nutritional advice. No research has been done in the past to
gauge the knowledge of coaches and trainers in Kuwait. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine
the nutrition knowledge among coaches and PT’s for both genders within all groups. Data were collected from
independent personal trainers and coaches across different gyms from different areas in Kuwait. The 100 participants consisted of males (n=50) and females (n=50) engaged in different types of sports. Participants answered questions testing their nutritional knowledge and scientific background. Adequate nutrition knowledge was defined as an overall score of 75% in all domains (highest achievable score was 100%). Participants averaged 56% in all domains. Male participants averaged 55% and female participants averaged 56.8%. Overall, we demonstrated that personal trainers and coaches have inadequate nutrition knowledge. When comparing genders, female participants had slightly more nutrition knowledge than male participants. Therefore, proper nutrition education is integral for both male and female personal trainers. Proper nutrition courses and workshops should be provided for coaches and personal trainers in order to improve their nutrition knowledge, as it is important to help them provide adequate nutrition advice for their clients. Moreover, follow-up exams or certifications are recommended every two years to ensure that personal trainers and coaches’ nutrition knowledge are maintained and up to date.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 319 | PDF Downloads 152

References

1- Kuwait Nutrition Surveillance System. Ministry of Health. 2015 Annual Report.
2- Toni M. Torres-McGehee, Kelly L. Pritchett, Deborah Zippel, Dawn M. Minton, Adam Cellamare, and Mike Sibilia. Sports Nutrition Knowledge Among Collegiate Athletes, Coaches, Athletic Trainers, and Strength and Conditioning Specialists. Journal of Athletic Training: 2012. 47 2:205-211.
3- American College of Sports Medicine, American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada Nutrition and athletic performance: joint position statement. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009. 41 3:709–731.
4- Allafi, A. R., Alajmi, F., & Al-Haifi, A. Survey of nutrition knowledge of physicians in Kuwait. Public Health Nutrition. 2013. 16(7):1332-6.
5- Maxwell, C., Ruth, K., & Friesen, C. Sports Nutrition Knowledge, Perceptions, Resources, and Advice Given by Certified CrossFit Trainers. Sports, 2017 5(2), 21.
6- Weissman J, Magnus M, Niyonsenga T, Sattlethight AR (2013) Sports Nutrition Knowledge and Practices of Personal Trainers. J Community Med Health Educ. 2013. 3:254.
7- Jacobson, BH, C Sobonya, and J. Ransone. Nutrition practices and knowledge of college varsity athletes: a follow-up. J Strength Cond Res. 2001. 15 1:63–68.
8- Zhang, F. F., Al Hooti, S., Al Zenki, S., Alomirah, H., Jamil, K. M., Rao, A., Al Jahmah, N., Saltzman, E., Ausman, L. M. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with high prevalence of diabetes in Kuwaiti adults: results from a national survey. BMC public health, 2016, 100.

9- Froiland, K , W Koszewski , J Hingst , and L. Kopecky . Nutritional supplement use among college athletes and their sources of information. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2004. 14 1:104–120.


10- Rosenbloom, CA , SS Jonnalagadda , and R. Skinner . Nutrition knowledge of collegiate athletes in a Division I National Collegiate Athletic Association institution. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002. 102 3:418–420.