Investigation of nutritional status, life-style and eating habits in vocational Chinese college teachers: A cross-sectional survey

Main Article Content

Chenming Ji
Ijaz ul Haq
Miao Jing
Chunlan Cui
Liu Cheng
Qing Tian
Xiumei Meng
Qinmin Wu
Li Jing
Jelian Xu
Abbas Khan


Nutritional status, college, body composition, BMI, percent body fats


Background & objectives.Unhealthy dietary habits might harm teacher’s health. The present study was aimed at college teachers to investigate nutritional status, life-style and eating habits and find the association of nutritional status with the determinants. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in college teachers, including 33.3% males and 66.7% females. A validated self-administered questionnaire collects information regarding life-style factors and eating habits. Body composition was investigated through bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA). Multinomial and linear regressions were used for the association between dietary habits and nutritional status. Results.Obesity/overweight/high body fats, poor sleep quality and neck and back problems were more common among the respondents. Work/life stress and life-style problems were affecting health status. Animal-source food had a greater risk of increasing BMI (AOR = 2.9, P<0.05) and body fats percentages (AOR = 1.2, P<0.05). Linear regression revealed that balanced eating and exercise has a significant negative association with BMI (ꞵ=-1.34, P<0.05), and WHR (ꞵ=-1.72, P<0.1). Low salt intake was having a negative association with BMI (ꞵ=-1.38, P<0.01), percent body fats (ꞵ=-2.2, P<0.05) and WHR (ꞵ=-0.21, P<0.05). Similarly, low oil intake was negatively associated with BMI (ꞵ=-1.6, P<0.01), percent body fats (ꞵ=-2.1, P<0.05) and WHR (ꞵ=-0.23, P<0.05). Conclusion: Our findings highlight that college teachers had an unhealthy life-style, including overweight and obesity, high body fats percentages, poor sleep quality, inactivity and working stress. Furthermore, dietary habits including balance eating and exercise, low salt and oil positively improve nutritional status while animal-source food negatively improves nutritional status in Chinese college teachers.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 718 | PDF Downloads 435 Supplement PDF Downloads 234


1. Stefanaki C, Pervanidou P, Boschiero D, Chrousos GP. Chronic stress and body composition disorders: implications for health and disease. Hormones 2018;17:33-43.
2. Ul Haq I, Mariyam Z, Zeb F, Jiang P, Wu X, Shah J, Xu C, Zhou M, Feng Q, Li M. Identification of Body Composition, Dietary Patterns and Its Associated Factors in Medical University Students in China. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 2020;59:65-78.
3. Arslan C, Akçınar F, Altaş HN, Güllü M, Yüksel S. Evaluation of health promoting life-style profile with the body composition of physical education teachers and other branch teachers. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 2017;11:78-82.
4. Ul Haq I, Mariyam Z, Li M, Huang X, Jiang P, Zeb F, Wu X, Feng Q, Zhou MJ. A comparative study of nutritional status, knowledge attitude and practices (KAP) and dietary intake between international and chinese students in Nanjing, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2018;15:1910.
5. Zhang Q-L, Zhao L-G, Zhang W, Li H-L, Gao J, Han L-H, Zheng W, Shu X-O, Xiang Y-B. Combined impact of known lifestyle factors on total and cause-specific mortality among chinese men: a prospective cohort study. Scientific reports 2017;7:1-9.
6. Peeters A. Obesity and the future of food policies that promote healthy diets. Nature Reviews Endocrinology 2018;14:430-37.
7. Pirzadeh A, Sharifirad G, Kamran A. Healthy lifestyle in teachers. Journal of Education Health Promotion 2012;1.
8. Rodrigues-Rodrigues T, Gomes ACV, Neto GR. Nutritional status and eating habits of professors of health area. J International Journal of Sport Studies for Health 2018;1:7-12.
9. Zhu L. Investigation and analysis of Nanjing university teachers' health state and its influencing Factors. . Nanjing China: Nanjing University; 2014.
10. Ul Haq I, Liu Y, Liu M, Xu H, Wang H, Liu C, Zeb F, Pan J, Wu X, Tian Y. Association of Smoking-Related Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) with Nutritional Status and Diet Quality: A Cross-Sectional Study in China. BioMed Research International 2019;2019.
11. Mei Y, Yang S. Research on Living Conditions and Career Development of Young Teachers in Universities——A Survey Study of Chongqing. Education and teaching Research 2016;30:39-45.
12. JAVED M, CHAUDHRY R, NOOR M. Prevalence of Obesity among senior teaching faculty of an undergraduate medical college of Lahore, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences;7:917-20.
13. Freedman MR, Rubinstein RJ. Obesity and Food Choices Among Faculty and Staff at a Large Urban University. J Am Coll Health 2010;59:205-10.
14. He L, Ren X, Qian Y, Jin Y, Chen Y, Guo D, Yao Y. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among a university faculty and staffs from 2004 to 2010 in Wuhu, China. Nutr Hosp 2014;29:1033-7.
15. Farhud DD. Impact of Lifestyle on Health. Iran J Public Health 2015;44:1442-4.
16. Salleh MR. Life event, stress and illness. Malays J Med Sci 2008;15:9-18.
17. Li W, Kou C. Prevalence and correlates of psychological stress among teachers at a national key comprehensive university in China. Int J Occup Environ Health 2018;24:7-16.
18. Rodrigues-Rodrigues T, Gomes ACV, Neto GR. Nutritional status and eating habits of professors of health area. International Journal of Sport Studies for Health 2018;1:7-12.
19. Vadera BN, Yadav SB, Yadav BS, Parmar DV, Unadkat SV. Study on obesity and Influence of dietary factors on the weight status of an adult population in Jamnagar city of Gujarat: A cross-sectional analytical study. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2010;35:482.
20. Westerterp KRJEjocn. Exercise, energy balance and body composition. European journal of clinical nutrition 2018;72:1246-50.
21. Alamgir K, Sami U, Salahuddin K. Nutritional complications and its effects on human health. J Food Sci Nutr 2018;1:17-20.
22. Ma Y, He FJ, MacGregor GA. High salt intake: independent risk factor for obesity? Hypertension 2015;66:843-9.
23. Wang Y, Beydoun MA. Meat consumption is associated with obesity and central obesity among US adults. Int J Obes (Lond) 2009;33:621-8.
24. Alkerwi A, Sauvageot N, Buckley JD, Donneau AF, Albert A, Guillaume M, Crichton GE. The potential impact of animal protein intake on global and abdominal obesity: evidence from the Observation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg (ORISCAV-LUX) study. Public Health Nutr 2015;18:1831-8.

Most read articles by the same author(s)