Genetically modified organism: definition and finality

Main Article Content

F. Cacciabaudo
R. Altomare
M. C. Gioviale
Giovanni Tomasello
Antonio Bruno
Vincenzo Davide Palumbo
Provvidenza Damiani
Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte

Keywords

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO), Genetic engineering, Risks and benefits.

Abstract

Article 2 of the European Directive 2001/18/EC defines a genetically modified organism (GMO) a san organism in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by inserting DNA fragments from one organism’s gene into the chromosomes of another, changing its genetic expression. In the field of animal and plants biotechnology there are different application areas of genetic engineering such as improving the quantity and quality of agricultural production, pharmaceutical production in more sustainable ways or applications in environmental field.

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