The Relationship between Body Perception and Nutrition of B2 - B3 Impaired Athletes

Main Article Content

Ibrahim Dalbudak
Melih Balyan
Aylin Zekioglu
Umut Davut Basoglu
Egemen Manci

Keywords

Visually Disabled, Athlete, Body Perception, Nutrition

Abstract

Study Objectives: It is aimed to investigate the relationship between body perception and nutrition of b2-b3 visually impaired athletes.  In addition, another aim of this study is to determine the knowledge of b2-b3 visually impaired athletes about body perception and nutrition. Methods: The study was conducted with the participation of a total of 108 volunteers, 40 women and 68 men, from b2-b3 visually impaired athletes, who played professionally in different clubs, and the relationship between body perception and nutritional variables and demographic characteristics were analyzed. Volunteering was taken into account in participation. As the data collection tool, the "Personal Information Form" and the body perception scale developed by Secord and Jourard, whose validity and reliability study was conducted and adapted into Turkish by Hovardaoğlu, and the three-factor nutrition scale developed by Karlsson et al. were used. Results: Body perception scale total score means of the individuals differ significantly according to gender and educational status (p<0.05). No significant differences were obtained for other demographic variables (p>0.05). While there was a significant difference in the four-factor nutrition questionnaire of the individuals and the subscales according to gender (p<0.05), there was no significant difference in terms of age and disability status, sports branch, education status, income status, vision level (p>0.05). There was a statistically significant strong positive directional relationship between Body Perception Scale and Four Factor Nutrition Survey (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was determined that the training programs, competitions, and resting intervals of the sports life of B2-B3 visually impaired athletes have an effective role on body perception as they have a controllable nutritional habit. In short, we can say that the thoughts or ideas of visually disabled athletes about body perception are extremely effective on nutrition.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 69 | PDF Downloads 34

References

1) Okumuş, E. Sociology of the Intervention to the Body, (Ed: Kadir Canatan). Body Sociology, Istanbul: Opening Book. 2011: 45-66.
2) Erkal S., & Pek, H. Changes in Body Image and the Role of the Nurse. Nursing Bulletin. 1993: 7 (30), 61-71.
3) Schılder, P. The Image And Appearance Of The Human Body: Studies In The Constructive Energies Of The Psyche. (1)Edition. London: Taylor and Franis Of Publishing, 1935.
4) Gündoğan, F. Evaluation of Body Image and Self-Esteem of Patients with Cirrhosis. Health Sciences Institute, Master Thesis. Abant İzzet Baysal University, 2006.
5) Kara, Ç. Investigation of the Effect of Body Perception and Social Appearance Anxiety on Sexual Satisfaction of Young Adult Individuals, Institute of Social Sciences, Master Thesis, Üsküdar University, Istanbul, 2019.
6) Soylu, M. Healthy nutrition-healthy milk. I. National Health Promotion and Health Education Congress Abstract Book. Marmaris - Muğla, 2006: 37.
7) Kavas, A. Proper Nutrition For Healthy Life. 3. Press, Istanbul: Literature Publishing. 2003: 6-15.
8) Padavinangadi, A., Xuan, L. Z., Chandrasekaran, N., Johari, N., Kumar, N., & Jetti, R. The impact of eating and exercise frequency on weight gain - a cross-sectional study on medical undergraduate students. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR, 2017: 11 (2), IC01.
9) Skof, B., & Kozjek, N. R. A comparison of dietary habits between recreational runners and a randomly selected adult population in Slovenia. There is Zdrav. 2015: 54 (3), 212-221.
10) Dalbudak, İ. Examination of B2 and B3 visually impaired individuals who do or do not do sports between the ages of 18 and 20 in terms of emotional intelligence and aggression levels, Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Health Sciences, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Muğla, 2019.
11) Açak, M., Ilgın, A., & Erhan S. Physical education teacher handbook, Malatya: Dünya Ambalaj San. Tic. 1997.
12) Of Mediterranean, M., Agaoglu, S., & İmamoğlu, O. Turkey in Applied Sport Education Model for People with Disabilities, 1995.
13) IBSA. Capable of Everything. International Blind Sports Federation, Madrid, Spain. 2006.
14) Secord, P. F., & Jourard, S. M. The appraisal of body-cathexis: body-cathexis and the self. Journal of consulting psychology. 1953: 17 (5), 343.
15) Hovardaoğlu, S. Body Perception. " Journal of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychopharmacology (3P)." Tests Special Supplement 1.1992: 26-27.
16) Karlsson, J., Persson, L. O., Sjöström, L., & Sullivan, M. Psychometric properties and factor structure of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in obese men and women. Results from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study. International journal of obesity, 2000: 24 (12), 1715-1725.
17) Kıraç, D., Kaspar, E. Ç., Avcılar, T., Çakır, Ö. K., Ulucan, K., Kurtel, H., & Güney, A. İ. A new method in the study of obesity-related nutritional habits is the “Three-factor nutrition questionnaire”. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences. 2015: 5 (3), 162-169.
18) İncekara, T. Investigation of the Relationship Between Body Perception and Life Satisfaction in University Students. Master Thesis, Institute of Social Sciences, Haliç University, Istanbul, 2018.
19) Slater, A., & Tiggemann, M. Body image and disordered eating in adolescent girls and boys: A test of objectification theory. Sex roles 2010: 63 (1-2), 42-49.
20) Yurdakul, S. The relationship between diet, body perception, hope and interpersonal sensitivity, Master Thesis. Institute of Social Sciences, Üsküdar University, Istanbul, 2018.
21) Aydın, Y. Body perception, self-esteem levels, and frequency of social phobia in alcohol and substance addiction: a comparative study. Postgraduate Thesis. Institute of Social Sciences, Üsküdar University, Istanbul, 2015.
22) Mülazımoğlu, Ö. Social Physique Anxiety And Body Image Satisfaction Levels Of Female Athletes And Non Athletes. Master Thesis, Institute of Social Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, 2001.
23) Güzel, K. Relationship between university students' body perception and depression: the role of temperament. Postgraduate Thesis. Institute of Social Sciences, Üsküdar University, Istanbul, 2016.
24) Tuğay, E. Determining the quality of life of university students, their perception of the body and their nutritional status. Master Thesis, Health Sciences Institute, Biruni University, Istanbul, 2019.
25) Koldaş, G., Saçaklı, H., & Sevim, Y. Evaluation of the Knowledge Levels of the Students Who Have Taken Nutrition Lessons in Sports Schools in Marmara Region. Eurasian Research in Sport Science, 2018: 3 (2), 93-105.
26) Erçim, E. R. Evaluation of Nutritional Status of University Students and Determination of Healthy Eating Indices, Institute of Health Sciences, Master Thesis, Hacettepe University, Ankara, 2014.
27) Büyük, E. T., & Özdemir, E. The Relationship Between Body Perception and Eating Attitude of High School Students. International Anatolia Academic Online Journal / Journal of Health Science, 2018: 4 (2), 1-12.
28) Uskun, E., & Şabaplı, A. The Relationship Between High School Students' Body Perceptions and Eating Attitudes TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 2013: 12 (5): 519-528.

Most read articles by the same author(s)